*Price includes all listed activities, all transportation, professional guide, and all meals. *You will be staying at a Bed & Breakfast, and will be accompanied by a driver/guide during your stay. Guides are all professional and English speaking. Transportation will be provided by classic American cars with air conditioning, for groups transportation will be in […]
Cuba is the largest island and the most populated country in the Caribbean region. Located at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico in the North-western corner of the Caribbean, its geographic boundaries are as follows:
- North: Straits of Florida and Canal Viejo of Bahamas
- East: Straits of Paso de los Vientos
- South: Caribbean Sea
- West: Straits of Yucatan and Gulf of Mexico
The most close countries are:
- North: United State of America (Key West, 90 miles) and Bahamas (Cay Salt, 21 Km)
- East: Haiti (77 km)
- South: Jamaica (140 Km)
- West: Mexico (Peninsula of Yucatan, 210 Km)
The geographic coordinates of Cuba are between 19.82 and 23.27 North Latitude, and between -74.10 and -84.95 West Longitude, at entrance of Mexico Gulf.
Cuba is actually an archipelago formed by two main island (Cuba and Isle of Youth, former Isle of Pines) and more than 1600 cays and islets, with the most well-known being Cayo Largo del Sur, Cayo Coco and Cayo Guillermo.
Cuba territorial numbers are:
- Total area: 109 884 sq. Km
- Cays and islets area: 3 216 sq. Km
- Coastline: 5 746 Km, with more than 280 beautiful beaches
- Length of main island: 1 250 Km
- Width of main island: between 32 and 210 Km
Cuba has a terrain mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains located in the northwest of the island consisting of the Sierra de los Organos and the Sierra del Rosario ranges. The Sierra del Escambray in the South-central area of the island, and the Sierra Maestra and Sierra Cristal ranges located in the South-east of the island which have the highest elevations in Cuba. The highest point being Pico Turquino with an elevation of 2,000 meters, followed in elevation by Pico Cuba at 1,872 meters, and Pico Suecia at 1,734 meters, all located within the Sierra Maestra range. These are followed by Pan de Guajabo at 700 meters in the Sierra del Rosario, and Pico San Juan at 1,140 meters in the Sierra del Escambray.
Cuba has a population of 11,238,000 with a population density of 102 inhabitants per square kilometer. Most of the islands population live in urban areas, with just under 25% of the population being considered rural. The capital of Cuba is Havana, and with a population of over 2.1 million in 2015, it is by far the most populated city in the country. Other important cities include Santiago (population 434,300), Camaguey (population 304,000), Holguin (population 291,600), Guantanamo (population 218,000), Santa Clara (population 214,400), Las Tunas (population 166,300), Bayamo (population 159,000), Cienfuegos (population 149,200), Matanzas (population 136,500), Pinar del Rio (population 142,400), Ciego de Avila (population 117,200), and Sancti Spiritus (population 107,000).
Cuba has fifteen provinces and one-hundred and sixty-eight municipalities. The Provinces in order from West to East are; Pinar del Rio, Artemisa, La Habana, Mayabeque, Matanzas, Villa Clara, Cienfuegos, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Avila, Camaguey, Las Tunas, Holguin, Granma, Santiago de Cuba, and Guantanamo. The Isle of Youth is classified as a Special Municipality.
The Cuban climate is tropical moderated by trade winds. The island has two main seasons, dry and wet, with the wet season running from May to October, and the dry season from November to April.
The average annual temperature is 77° F , the average winter temperature is 68° F and the summer is 78-81° F. During the dry season cold fronts that reach the island from the North can lower temperatures to 50° F. The minimum temperatures vary between 34° F and 48° F in the West of the country and between 37° F and 55° F in the Eastern part; the highest recorded temperatures across Cuba are between 96° F and 100° F.
Cuba is affected by hurricanes from June through November, with the months of August, September and October being the ones with the highest incidence of recorded storms. The Western part of the island has historically been the most affected by hurricanes, and the island averages approximately one hurricane every two years.